The Anunnaki Bel

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The Lord and Master of the Anunnaki Bel, the earlier name is Enlil, found in very early inscriptions, especially in those of Nippur; of which city he was the tutelary deity.

He was described as the ‘ lord of the lower world,’ and much effort seems to have been made, to reach a definite conception of his position and attributes. His name had also been translated ‘lord of mist.’

The title of the Anunnaki Bel’ had been given to Merodach by Tiglath-pileser I about 1200 B.C., after which he was referred to as ‘the older Bel.’ The chief seat of his worship was at Nippur, where the name of his temple, E-Kur or ‘mountain-house,’ which was applied to sanctuaries all over Babylonia.

Anunnaki Bel of the Mountain

He was also addressed as the ‘lord of the storm’ and as the ‘great mountain,’ and his consort. Nin-lil is also alluded to as ‘lady of the mountain.’ Enlil is undoubtedly of the class of tempest-deities who dwell on mountain peaks. The second tablet of a text known as the ‘crying storm’ alludes to En-lil as a storm-god. Addressing him it says: “Spirit that overcomes no evildoing, spirit that has no mother, spirit that has no wife, spirit that has no sister, spirit that has no brother, that knows no abiding place, the evil-slaying spirit that devastates the fold, that wrecks the stall, that sweeps away son and mother like a reed. When En-lil, the lord of lands, cries out at sunset the dreadful word goes forth unto the spacious shrine, ‘Destroy.’”

-Ninlil followed Enlil to Ereshkigals underworld

Nippur, the city of Enlil, was of Sumerian origin, so we must connect the earliest cult of Enlil with the Sumerian aborigines. Many of his lesser names point to such a conclusion. Some authorities appear to be of opinion that because En-lil was regarded as a god of vegetation the change was owing to his removal from a mountainous.

The truth is, it would be difficult to discover a god who wielded the powers of the wind and rain who was not a patron of agriculture, but as he sends beneficent rains, so also may he destroy and devastate. The word lil which occurs in the name Enlil, signifies a ‘demon,’ and Enlil may therefore mean the Anunnaki ‘chief-demon.’

This shows the very early, animistic nature of the god. In the trinity which consisted of Bel, Ea, and Anu, he is regarded as the ‘god of the earth,’ that is, the earth is his sphere, and he is at times addressed as ‘Bel, the lord of the lands.’

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