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The Unknown 13th God or Agnostos Theos. A dark Ancient Mystery to say the least.
Norden proposed that in addition to the twelve main gods and the innumerable lesser deities, ancient Greeks worshipped a deity they called “Agnostos Theos.” That is “Unknown God”, which Norden called “un-Greek”. A very mysterious figure.
In Athens, there was a temple specifically dedicated to that god and very often Athenians would swear “in the name of the Unknown God”. Apollodorus, Philostratus and Pausanias wrote about the Unknown God as well.
According to the book of Acts, contained in the Christian New Testament, when the Apostle Paul visited Athens, he saw an altar with an inscription dedicated to that unknown god (possibly connected to the Cylonian affair), and, when invited to speak to the Athenian elite at the Areopagus, he gave the following speech:
Acts 17:22-31 Paul stood in the middle of the Areopagus, and said, “You men of Athens, I perceive that you are very religious in all things. For as I passed along, and observed the objects of your worship, I found also an altar with this inscription: ‘TO AN UNKNOWN GOD.’…The Unknown god appears to be an ongoing theme.
There is also a Hymn to an Unknown God which I have added to the documentary I created for you.