Who or what is the Metatron?

Who or what is the Metatron. The name Metatron may be revealing. There are numerous possible etymologies for the name Metatron. However, some scholars, such as Philip Alexander, believe if the name Metatron originated in Hekhalot-Merkabah texts such as 3 Enoch, then it may be a magic word like Adiriron and Dapdapiron. If so, this figure aligns with magic arts as are the angels. The name Metatron may originate from either Mattara, “keeper of the watch” or the verb Memater, “to guard, to protect”. which is also seemingly a variant of the term “watcher”. An early derivation of this can be seen in Shimmusha Rabbah, where Enoch is clothed in light and is the guardian of the souls ascending to heaven. Odeberg also suggests that the name Metatron might be taken from the Old Persian name Mithra. Citing Wiesner, he lays out a number of parallels between Mithra and Metatron based on their positions in heaven and duties. Metatron seems to be made up of two Greek words for after and throne, meta thronos, taken together as “one who serves behind the throne” or “one who occupies the throne next to the throne of glory”. The two words do not appear separately in any text known to Gershom Scholem. The Latin word Metator (messenger, guide, leader, measurer) had been suggested by Eleazar of Worms. Gershom Scholem argues that there is no data to justify the conversion of metator to metatron. Philip Alexander also suggests this as a possible origin of Metatron, stating that the word Metator also occurs in Greek as mitator. Alexander suggests the name may have come about as a description of “the angel of the Lord who led the Israelites through the wilderness: acting like a Roman army metator guiding the Israelites on their way”. Another possible interpretation is that of Enoch as a metator showing them “how they could escape from the wilderness of this world into the promised land of heaven”. Because we see this as a word in Hebrew, Jewish Aramaic, and Greek, Alexander believes this gives even more strength to this etymology. Charles Mopsik believes that the name Metatron may be related to the sentence from Genesis 5:24 “Enoch walked with God, then he was no more, because God took him.”…please watch the video for more Ancient Mystery… Narrated, Created and Produced by A.Christie (Ancient Mystery)

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