Samael – Fire of the Fallen Angels

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The Fires of the Fallen Angel, Samael/Samūm the Prince of Darkness. Samum is a demon/fallen angel in Ancient Arabic lore and later Islamic beliefs. As a kind of fire; it is also the origin of some types of evil spirits; identified with Satan’s fires and the fire of the sun.

The Fires of Samael

The Samum probably originated from Jewish lore as an anthropomorphism of poisonous wind, perhaps also the origin of the concept of Samael and his lesser devils. Islam further develops the relation between Samum and Satan’s fires by asserting that he or at least his minor devils come forth from the fires of Samum.

Gate of Hell


The term Samūm referred to a hot, dusty desert wind.

In Talmudic and post-Talmudic literature, the wind of Samum became a demon. The name of the Midrashic devil Samael is linguistical related to it. Johann Gottfried Eichhorn relates the term to the Three Days of Darkness in the Book of Exodus. Accordingly, the darkness comes within the storm of Samum. In the Quran, the word appears in the Quran 56:42 as the tormenting fires of Jahannam. Both fires became usually associated with dangerous spirits. Manichaeans referred to the infectious wind in one of the Prince of Darkness’s five Kingdoms as Samum.


The Pre-Islamic Bedouins believed in various spirits, such as jinn, Afarit and demons. One of these spirits is the whirlwind Samum, and the belief in this demon persisted throughout Islamic history. Turkish sources describe the Samum as a creature. This creature grew envious of humankind, and their love for God turned into hatred. At which point, they had been cast out of God’s mercy. They joined Satan and his demons, honouring him as their new deity.

The Stinger of Scorpio known as the Cat's eyes

Hidden Entity

Many mufassirs do not refer to Samum as a creature on its own but a specific entity’s origin.

Authorized by Ibn Abbas, Tabari distinguishes between angels created from light. The jinn made from a mixture of fire. Iblis and the angels among him as created from the Fires of Samael/Samum. In some accounts, this tribe of angels is called Al-Hinn. Yet another story regards the Fires of Samum as the origin of a wife for Iblis. She was created by God after Iblis was expelled from heaven, with whom he begot the demons.


Nar as-samum:

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