The Dark One Lilith is often regarded as a perilous demon of the night, who is sexually wanton, and who steals babies in the darkness. Lilith may be linked in part to an earlier class of female demons (lilītu) in ancient Mesopotamian religion, found in cuneiform texts of Sumer, the Akkadian Empire, Assyria, and Babylonia.
In Alphabet of Sirach 700–1000 CE, Lilith developed into Adam’s first wife, who was created at the same time and from the same clay or dust as Adam—Genesis 1:27. This is a variation of Eve, who was created from one of Adam’s ribs: Genesis 2:22. Lilith left Adam after she refused to become submissive to him and then would not return to the Garden of Eden after she had coupled with the archangel Samael.
Evidence in later Jewish texts is plentiful, but little information has survived relating to the Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrianand Babylonian view of this class of demons. While the connection is almost universally agreed upon, recent scholarship has disputed the relevance of two sources previously used to connect the Jewish lilith to an Akkadian lilītu—the Gilgamesh appendix and the Arslan Tash amulets. (See below for discussion of the two problematic sources.
In Hebrew-language texts, the term lilith or lilit can be translated as “night hag”, “night monster”, “night creatures”, or “screech owl”. In the Dead Sea Scrolls 4Q510-511, the term first occurs in a list of monsters. In Jewish magical inscriptions on bowls and amulets from the 6th century CE onwards, Lilith is identified as a female demon and becomes the product of the night and the first visual depictions appear.
The resulting Lilith legend continues to serve as source material in modern Western culture, literature, occultism, fantasy, and horror…don’t believe all you read in the papers.
Please watch the video for more information on the Night Demon Lilith or visit the channel (Mythology Seven) for a deeper view of the world of mythology
ORIGINS OF LILITH
A.H. Sayce, Lectures on the Origin and Growth of Religion as Illustrated by the Religion of the Ancient Babylonians, 5th ed., London, 1898, pp. 144-6.
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain.
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