Adapa and the Anunnaki gods – Sumerian Myths and Legends

Adapa and the Anunnaki gods: Adapa was a Mesopotamian mythical figure who unknowingly refused the gift of immortality. The story, commonly known as “Adapa and the South Wind” is known from fragmentary tablets from Tell el-Amarna in Egypt (around 14th century BC) and from finds from the Library of Ashurbanipal, Assyria (around 7th century BC). Adapa was an important figure in Mesopotamian religion. His name would be used to invoke power in exorcism rituals. He also became an archetype for a wise ruler. In that context, his name would be invoked to evoke favorable comparisons. Some scholars conflate Adapa and the Apkallu was known as Uanna. There is some evidence for that connection, but the name “adapa” may have also been used as an epithet, meaning “wise”. Adapa’s story was initially known from a find at Amarna in Egypt from the archives of Egyptian King Amenophis IV (1377-1361 BC) By 1912, three finds from the Library of Ashurbanipal (668-626 BC) had been interpreted and found to contain parts of the story. As of 2001 five fragments from the library are known. There are differences in several of the known versions of the text. Based on a catalog of texts, a possible original title, an incipit, may have been Adapa into heaven. The god Anu called Adapa to account for his action, but the god Ea aided him by instructing Adapa to gain the sympathy of Tammuz and Gishzida, who guard the gates of heaven and not to eat or drink there, as such food might kill him. When offered garments and oil, he should put on the clothes on and anoint himself. Adapa puts on mourning garments, and when he meets Tammuz and Gishzida, he claims to be in mourning because they have disappeared from the land. Adapa is then offered the “food of life” and “water of life” but will not eat or drink. Then garments and oil are offered, and he does what he had been told. He is brought before Anu, who asks why he will not eat or drink. Adapa replies that Ea told him not to. Anu laughs at Ea’s actions, and passes judgment on Adapa by asking rhetorically,”What ill has he [Adapa] brought on mankind?” He adds that men will suffer disease as a consequence, which Ninkarrak (Nintinugga) may ally. Adapa is then sent back down to earth. Please watch the video for more information on Adapa and the Anunnaki gods at mythology explored by ANCIENT MYSTERY on Youtube.

Photo Credits:

Anu-Enlil-Enki-NinHurSag-public domain-
GD-EG-Caire-Musée061-cca by 2.5-by-Néfermaât-
Herkules_und_der_Stier_von_Kreta-cca by sa 3.0-by-Jens Burkhardt-Plückhahn-
Library_of_Ashurbanipal_The_Flood_Tablet-cca by sa 3.0-by-Fæ-
PazuzuDemonAssyria1stMil_2-cca by sa 3.0-GNU free 1.2-by-PHGCOM-
Sennacherib’s_Prism_in_the_Israel_Museum_(2)-cca by sa 3.0-by-Hanay-
Small_aten_temple-cca by sa 3.0-GNU free 1.2-by-Markh-
Sumerian_deity_of_Healing,_Adapa,_painting_of_a_relief_Wellcome images_M0007474-cca by sa 4.0-
Taylor_Prism-1-public domain-
Adapa-Heavens-video background-by-ANCIENT MYSTERY-
INTRO-VIDEO-BY-ancient mystery-
+Pixabay images/video all CC0-

Music Credit:

World Storm by Jay Man

Channel: mythology explored by ANCIENT MYSTERY

Categories: UncategorizedTags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

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