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Ancient Egyptian Mythology: The Nine Ennead or Great Ennead


The Ennead or Great Ennead was a group of nine deities in Egyptian mythology, worshiped at Heliopolis: the sun god Atum; his children are Shu and Tefnut; their children are Geb and Nut; and their children are Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. The Ennead sometimes includes the son of Osiris and Isis, Horus. It rose to importance in Dynasties 5 and 6 they remained prominent in Egypt into its occupation by the Macedonian Ptolemaic dynasty established by Alexander the Great’s successor in the area, Ptolemy 1st. The Great Ennead was only one of several such groupings of nine deities in ancient Egypt and its claims to preeminence by its Heliopolitan priests were not respected throughout Egypt. As close as Memphis (also within modern Cairo) the priests of Ptah celebrated him as superior to the Nine. In addition to Memphis having its own creation myth, the Ogdoad-Hermopolitan centered around physical creation and 8 primordial gods was another creation story that existed at the same time Ennead is borrowing via Latin of the Greek name Enneás, meaning “the Nine” The term was a calque of the Egyptian name, written Psḏt and also meaning “the Nine”. Please watch the video for more information on the Ennead and visit the channel to learn about the ancient Ogdoad and many more myths and legends found at mythology explored by ANCIENT MYSTERY here on youtube.

Photo Credits:

Cogniet_Leon_Bataille_D_Heliopolis-United States public domain tag-
egypt-237873-cco-
egyptian-1744581-cco-
Geb,_Nut,_Shu-United States public domain tag-
horus-578691-cco-
Model_of_a_Votive_Temple_Gateway_at_Heliopolis_(49.183)._66.228-public domain-
Nefertari_Temple_Abu_Simbel_May_30_2007-memphis-public domain-
Pharaoh_Seti_I_-_His_mummy_-_by_Emil_Brugsch_(1842-1930)-United States public domain tag-Pharaoh_Seti_I_-_His_mummy_-_by_Emil_Brugsch_(1842-1930)-United States public domain tag-
the-pleiades-2633621-cco-
Ennead-thumbnail-by-ANCIENT MYSTERY-
INTRO-ennead-by-ANCIENT MYSTERY-
background video-by-ANCIENT MYSTERY-

Music Credit:

“Somnolence” by Kai Engel

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Source: FMA

Channel: mythology explored by ANCIENT MYSTERY

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