Talos of Greek mythology was a giant automaton made of bronze to protect Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders. Talos circled the island’s shores three times daily. Talos’s bronze nature suggested to the author of Bibliothēkē that he may have been a survivor from the Age of Bronze, a descendant of the brazen race that sprang from meliae “ash-tree nymphs” according to Argonautica 4. The conception that Hesiod’s men of the Age of Bronze were actually made of bronze is extended to men of the age of gold by Lucian, for humorous effect. The pseudo-Platonic dialogue Minos rationalized the myth, thrice yearly showing at each village, in turn, the laws of Minos inscribed on brass tablets. Talos is said to have been made by Hephaestus, at the request of Zeus, to protect Europa from people who would want to kidnap her. In some versions of the myth, Talos is forged by the inventor Hephaestus. According to Brian A. Sparkes, “The most detailed treatment in literature is to be found in the Argonautica, however, we have detailed images of the episode, 150 years earlier, dated to around 400 BC. In the Cretan dialect, talôs was the equivalent of the Greek hêlios, the Sun: the lexicon of Hesychius of Alexandria notes simply “Talos is the Sun” In Crete, Zeus was worshipped as Zeus Tallaios, “Solar Zeus”, absorbing the earlier god as an epithet in the familiar sequence. The god was identified with the Tallaia, a spur of the Ida range in Crete. On the coin from Phaistos (illustration) he is winged; in Greek vase-paintings and Etruscan bronze mirrors he is not. The ideas of Talos vary widely, with one consistent detail: in Greek imagery outside Crete, Talos is always being vanquished: he seems to have been an enigmatic figure to the Greeks themselves. Please watch the video for more information on Talos from Greek myths and Legends here at mythology explored by ancient mystery on youtube.
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