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The Great Flood – Atrahasis – Great Flood/Deluge Documentary


Atrahasis and The Great Flood, Atra-Hasis “exceedingly wise” is the protagonist of an 18th-century BC Akkadian epic, recorded in various versions on clay tablets. The Atra-Hasis tablets include both a creation myth and a flood account, which is one of three surviving Babylonian deluge stories. The name “Atra-Hasis” also appears on one of the Sumerian king lists as king of Shuruppak in the times before a flood. The oldest known copy of the epic tradition concerning Atrahasis can be dated to the reign of Hammurabi’s great-grandson, Ammi-Saduqa (1646–1626 BC) but various Old Babylonian fragments exist; it continued to be copied into the first millennium BC. Walter Burkert, traces the model drawn from Atrahasis to a corresponding passage, the division by lots of the air, underworld and sea among Zeus, Hades and Poseidon in the Iliad, in which “a resetting through which the foreign framework still shows”. In its most complete surviving version, the Atrahasis epic is written on three tablets in Akkadian, the language of ancient Babylon. Tablet I contains a creation myth about the Sumerian gods Anu, Enlil, and Enki, gods of sky, wind, and water “when gods were in the ways of men” according to its incipit. Following the Cleromancy (casting of lots), sky is ruled by Anu, earth by Enlil, and the freshwater sea by Enki. Enlil assigned junior divines to do farm labor and maintain the rivers and canals, but after forty years the lesser gods or dingirs rebelled and refused to do strenuous labor. Instead of punishing the rebels, Enki, who is also the kind, wise counselor of the gods, suggested that humans be created to do the work. The mother goddess Mami is assigned the task of creating humans by shaping clay figurines mixed with the flesh and blood of the slain god, Geshtu-E “a god who had intelligence” (his name means “ear” or “wisdom”) All the gods in turn spit upon the clay. After 10 months, a specially-made womb breaks open and humans are born. Please watch the video for more information on The Great Flood and Atrahasis at mthology explored by ancient mystery here on Youtube.

Photo Credits:

Atrahasis-Bm-epic-g-public domain-
Cole_Thomas_Expulsion_from_the_Garden_of_Eden_1828-public domain-
Danby-deluge-United States public domain-
deluge-1864-public domain-
Hammourabi_Bas-relief_Sb8-cca by sa 3.0-GNU free 1.2-by-Mbzt
hand-2933641-cco-
Joseph_Anton_Koch_006-United States public domain tag-
king-willem-alexander-109490_960_720-cco-
Le_déluge_-_musée_de_beaux_arts_de_Nantes_20091017-United States public domain tag-
The_Gate_of_Nimrud_(Metropolitan_Museum)-cca by sa 2.0-by-rosemanios-
wave-2085408-cco-
Thumbnail-by-ancient mystery-
Intro-by-ancient mystery-
Background-by-ancient mystery-
+Pixabay images/vectors/video all CC0

Music Credit:

Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/wiki/info

Channel: mythology explored by (ancient mystery)

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