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Nabu – Son of Marduk – Babylonian mythology


Nabu the ancient Mesopotamian patron god of literacy, the rational arts, scribes and wisdom. Nabu was worshipped by the Babylonians and the Assyrians. Nabu was known as Nisaba, in the Sumerian pantheon and gained prominence among the Babylonians in the 1st millennium BCE when he was identified as the son of the god Marduk. Nabu was worshipped in Babylon’s sister city Borsippa, where his statue was moved to Babylon each New Year so that he could pay his respects to his father. Nabu’s symbol was a stylus resting on a tablet. Clay tablets with especial calligraphic skill were used as offerings at Nabu’s temple. His wife was the Akkadian goddess Tashmet. Not only was Nabu the patron god of scribes, literacy, and wisdom. He was also the inventor of writing, a divine scribe, and the patron god of the rational arts. Due to his role as an oracle, Nabu was associated with the Mesopotamian moon god Sin. Nabu wore a horned cap, and stood with his hands clasped in the ancient gesture of priesthood. He rode on a winged dragon known as Sirrush, that originally belonged to his father Marduk. In Babylonian astrology, Nabu was identified with the planet Mercury. Nabu was continuously worshipped until the 2nd century, when cuneiform became a lost art. Nabu’s cult spread to ancient Egypt. Nabu was one of five non-Egyptian deities worshipped in Elephantine. In the Bible, Nabu is mentioned as Nebo in Isaiah 46:1 and Jeremiah 48:1. In Hellenistic times, Nabu was identified and sometimes syncretized, with the Greek god Apollo. As the god of literacy and wisdom, Nabu was linked by the Romans with Mercury, and by the Egyptians with Thoth.

Photo Credits:

Borsippa_-_Babel_-_Birs-Nimrud-United States public domain tag-
Chaos_Monster_and_Sun_God-public domain-
Elephantine_by_Zureks-cca by sa 3.0-GNU free 1.2-
learning-3107773-cco-
Nabu-Lawrie-Highsmith-public domain-
praying-hands-2539580-cco-
Sirrush-cca by 2.0-by-Allie_Caulfield-
Skyrim-Wallpapers-elder-scrolls-v-skyrim-1920-1080-1
sorcerer wizard background by ancient mystery
Trilingual_inscription_of_Xerxes,_Van,_1973-CC-BY-SA-2.5,2.0,1.0; Released under the GNU Free Documentation License-by-John Hill-
VAM_Nisaba_Lagasch-cca by sa 3.0-by-Wolfgang Sauber-GNU free 1.2-
Nabu-Thumbnail-by-ancient mystery
Chaos monster-sun god-background-by-ancient mystery
Nabu-intro-by-ancient mystery
+Pixabay images/vectors/video all CC0

 

Music Credit:

Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/wiki/info

Channel – mythology explored by (ancient mystery)

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