The Æsir and Asura Connection – Norse mythology/Hindu mythology

Aesir and Asura there is most certainly a correspondence in the relation between æsir, an Old Norse word meaning “gods” the plural of the singular word, áss “god” and ásuraḥ, a Sanskrit word referring to certain warlike and aggressive demons. Also related is the Avestan word, ahura, found as the title of the god Ahura Mazda. The Proto-Germanic form of Old Norse áss, deduced by comparison to other Germanic languages, living and dead, is *ansuz. The plural of this Proto-Germanic word was *ansiwiz, which by regular sound changes into æsir. The word ásuraḥ can be postulated to come from Proto-Indo-Iranian *n̩suras, where, *n̩su- is the zero-grade form equivalent to the Gemanic, *ansu-, both from a Proto-Indo-European root *H2ensu-In Sanskrit, ásuḥ (PIIr *n̩sus) means “vital spirit” or “life”, and is presumably related, suggesting a common meaning “spirit”. Both words describe a family of divine beings, the Æsir is the pantheon of the principal Norse gods, and Asuras are a group of Hindu deities. Each group is set up against another group of gods; the Æsir warred with the Vanir, whereas the Asuras oppose the Devas. In Norse mythology the Æsir are generally approved of (and worshipped) while the asuras have a more negative reputation in the Indian religions. However, the use of ahura to refer to the greatest god of Zoroastrianism implies that the word once had more favorable connotations. In the earlier Vedic literature also those we know of as Devas, like Indra, are called Asuras. The relationship between the Æsir and Vanir parallel the Asuras and Devas in another way; like the Æsir, the Asuras were associated in Vedic myth with human phenomena (contracts, the arts, fate) while the Vanir, like the Devas, are associated with natural phenomena (such as Njord and Freyr, associated with fertility) The interaction between the Æsir and the Vanir has provoked an amount of scholarly theory and speculation. While other cultures have had “elder” and “younger” families of gods, as with the Titans versus the Olympians of ancient Greece, the Æsir and Vanir were portrayed as contemporaries. The two clans of gods fought battles, concluded treaties, and exchanged hostages (Freyr and Freyja are mentioned as hostages). An áss like Ullr is almost unknown in the myths, but his name is seen in a lot of geographical names, especially in Sweden, and may also appear on the 3rd century Thorsberg chape, suggesting that his cult was widespread in prehistoric times. The names of the first three Æsir in Norse mythology, Vili, Vé and Odin all refer to the spiritual or mental state, vili to conscious will or desire, vé to the sacred or numinous and óðr to the manic or ecstatic. Please watch the Video for more information on the Aesir and the Asura from Norse and Hindu mythology at mythology explored by ancient mystery on youtube.

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Music Credit:

Kevin Mcloud

mythology explored by ancient mystery – youtube
The Æsir and Asura Connection – Norse mythology/Hindu mythology

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