Sun god Lugh Lamhfada “Lightning-Flash” Celtic mythology

Lugh’s name has been interpreted as deriving from the Proto-Indo-European root *leuk- “flashing light” and he is often surrounded by solar imagery so from Victorian times he has often been considered a sun god similar to the Greco-Roman Apollo though historically he is only ever equated with Mercury. He appears in folklore as a trickster, and in County, Mayo thunderstorms were referred to as battles between Lugh and Balor so he is sometimes considered a storm god. Alexei Kondratiev notes his epithet lonnbeimnech “fierce striker” and concludes that “if his name has any relation to ‘light’ it more properly means ‘lightning-flash’ “as in Breton luc’h and Cornish lughes” However, Breton and Cornish are Brythonic languages in which Proto-Celtic *k did undergo systematic sound changes into -gh- and -ch-. so the serpent “k” sound is more far reaching than we knowLugh, becomes Luke. Words containing Lu, as in the word Lugh itself, or lo or le, have appeared for millennia always meaning light or sun or sun god. Luwian Apaliunas, Hurrian Aplu, Etruscan Apulu, Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, that is λω, Latin Apollo.

Lugh, The Bright is an important god of Irish Celtic mythology. A member of the Tuatha Dé Danann. Lugh is portrayed as a youthful warrior hero, a king, and savior. He is associated with skill, crafts, and the arts as well as with oaths, truth and the law. He is sometimes interpreted as a sun god, a storm god, or a sky god. Lugh is also strongly associated with the harvest festival of Lughnasadh, which is named after him. Lugh is known by the epithets:
Lámfada, meaning “long arm” or “long hand” possibly for his skill with a spear or sling. Ildánach “skilled in many arts” Samildánach “equally skilled in many arts” Lonnbéimnech “fierce striker” Macnia “youthful warrior-hero” and, Conmac “hound-son”
Although the Celtic world at its height covered much of western and central Europe, it was not politically unified nor was there any substantial central source of cultural influence or homogeneity; as a result, there was a great deal of variation in local practices of Celtic religion (although certain motifs, for example, the god Lugh, appear to have diffused throughout the Celtic world). Inscriptions of more than three hundred deities, often equated with their Roman counterparts, have survived, but of these most appear to have been genii locorum, local or tribal gods, and few were widely worshiped. However, from what has survived of Celtic mythology, it is possible to discern commonalities which hint at a more unified pantheon than is often given credit. The nature and functions of these ancient gods can be deduced from their names, the location of their inscriptions, their iconography, the Roman gods they are equated with, and similar figures from later bodies of Celtic mythology. Celtic mythology is found in a number of distinct if related, subgroups, largely corresponding to the branches of the Celtic languages. Ancient Celtic religion (known primarily through archaeological sources rather than through written mythology) watch video for more on the Sun god Lugh a member of the legendary Tuatha De Danann from Celtic Mythology at ancient mystery on youtube.

Photo Credits:

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Music Credit:

“Angevin” Kevin MacLeod (
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

ancient mystery – youtube – Lugh Lamhfada – Celtic mythology

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