Anunnaki from Babylonian, Assyrian and Akkadian mythology. Akkadian texts of the second millennium BC follow similar portrayals of the Anunnaki, from Inanna’s Descent into the Netherworld depicting them as chthonic Underworld deities. In an abbreviated Akkadian version of Inanna’s Descent written in the early second millennium Ereshkigal, the queen of the Underworld comments that she “drinks water with the Anunnaki”. Later in the same poem, Ereshkigal, orders her servant, Namtar, to fetch the Anunnaki from Egalgina, to “decorate the threshold steps with coral”, and to “seat them on golden thrones”. During the Old Babylonian Period (c. 1830 BC — c. 1531 BC) a new set of deities known as the Igigi are introduced. The relationship between the Anunnaki and the Igigi is unclear. On some occasions, the categories appear to be used synonymously but in other writings, such as The Poem of Erra, there is a clear distinction between the two. In the late Akkadian, Atra-Hasis epic the Igigi are the sixth generation of the gods who are forced to perform labor for the Anunnaki. After forty days, the Igigi rebel and the god Enki, one of the Anunnaki, creates humans to replace them. From the Middle Babylonian Period (c. 1592 — 1155 BC) onward, the name Anunnaki was applied generally to the deities of the underworld whereas the name Igigi was applied to the heavenly deities. During this period, the underworld deities Damkina, Nergal, and Madānu are listed as the most powerful among the Anunnaki, alongside Marduk, the national god of ancient Babylon. In the standard Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh (c. 1200 BC) Utnapishtim the immortal survivor of the Great Flood, describes the Anunnaki as seven judges of the Underworld who set the land aflame as the storm approaches. Later, when the flood comes. Ishtar (the East Semitic equivalent to Inanna) and the Anunnaki mourn over the destruction of humanity. In the Babylonian Enûma Eliš, Marduk assigns the Anunnaki their positions. A late Babylonian version of the epic mentions 600 Anunnaki of the underworld, but only 300 Anunnaki of heaven indicating the existence of a complex underworld cosmology. In gratitude, the Anunnaki, the “Great Gods”, build Esagila, a “splendid” temple dedicated to Marduk, Ea, and Ellil. In the eighth-century BC Poem of Erra, the Anunnaki are described as the brothers of the god, Nergal, and are depicted as antagonistic towards humanity.
The Anunnaki (also transcribed as Anunaki, Anunna, Ananaki, and other variations) are a group of deities that appear in the mythological traditions of the ancient Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, and Babylonians. Descriptions of how many Anunnaki there were and what role they fulfilled are inconsistent and often contradictory. In the earliest Sumerian writings about them, which come from the Post-Akkadian period, the Anunnaki are the most powerful deities in the pantheon, descendants of An, the god of the heavens, and their primary function is to decree the fates of Humanity, watch video for more on the ancient Anunnaki here at ancient mystery on youtube.
660px-Stele_Naram_Sim_Louvre_Sb4-Excavated by Jacques de Morgan, 1898-cco-
800px-Nebuchadnezzar_II_inscription-cca by sa 3.0-by-Hanay-
1024px-Tiamat-cca by sa 3.0-by-Ben Pirard-
Esprit_protecteur_(British_Museum)_(8704834191)-ccby 2.0-by-Jean-Pierre Dalbéra –
Ishtar_descent_to_the_Underworld_BM_ME_K.162-cca by 2.5-by-Marie-Lan Nguyen –
Old_Babylonian_Cylinder_Seal,_formerly_in_the_Charterhouse_Collection_09-cca by sa 3.0-by-Hjaltland Collection-
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