Anunnaki, Sumerian mythology the ancient mystery. The earliest known usages of the term Anunnaki come from inscriptions written during the reign of Gudea 2144 to 2124 BC, and the Third Dynasty of Ur. In the earliest texts, the term is applied to the most powerful and important deities in the ancient Sumerian pantheon the descendants of the sky-god An. This group of deities probably included the “seven gods who decree” An, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu, and Inanna. Although certain deities are described as members of the Anunnaki, no complete list of the names of all the Anunnaki has survived and they are usually only referred to as a cohesive group in literary texts. Furthermore, ancient Sumerian texts describe the Anunnaki inconsistently and do not agree on how many Anunnaki there were, or what their divine function was. Originally, the ancient Anunnaki appear to have been heavenly deities with immense powers shrouded in mystery, their origin is said to be the Planet, Nibiru. In the poem Enki and the World Order the Anunnaki “do homage” to Enki, sing hymns of praise in his honor and “take up their dwellings” among the people of Sumer. The same composition repeatedly states that the Anunnaki “decree the fates of mankind”. Virtually every major deity in the Sumerian mythology pantheon was regarded as the patron of a specific city and was expected to protect that city’s interests. The deity was believed to permanently reside within that city’s temple. One text mentions as many as fifty Anunnaki associated with the city of Eridu. In Inanna’s Descent into the Netherworld, there are only seven Anunnaki, who reside within the Underworld and serve as judges. Inanna stands trial before them for her attempt to take over the Underworld they deem her guilty of hubris and condemn her to death. Major deities in Sumerian mythology were associated with specific celestial bodies. Inanna was believed to be the planet, Venus. Utu was believed to be the sun. Nanna was the moon. An, Enki, and Enlil were not associated with particular planets because they were believed to be the embodiments of the sky itself.
The Anunnaki are chiefly mentioned in literary texts and very little evidence to support the existence of any cult of them has yet been unearthed. This is likely due to the fact that each member of the Anunnaki gods of Nibiru had his or her own individual cult, separate from the others. Similarly, no representations of the Anunnaki gods as a group have yet been discovered, although a few depictions of its individual members have been identified. Deities in ancient Mesopotamia were almost exclusively anthropomorphic. They were thought to possess extraordinary powers and were often envisioned as being of tremendous physical size. The deities typically wore melam, an ambiguous substance which “covered them in terrifying splendor”. Melam could also be worn by heroes, kings, giants, and even demons. The effect that seeing a deity’s melam has on a human is described as ni, a word for the physical tingling of the flesh. Deities were almost always depicted wearing horned caps, consisting of up to seven superimposed pairs of ox-horns. They were also sometimes depicted wearing clothes with elaborate decorative gold and silver ornaments sewn into them, watch video for more on the anunnaki and various mythology at ancient mystery here on youtube.
Head_of_a_statue,_probably_of_Gudea._Circa_2130_BCE._From_Mesopotamia,_Iraq._The_British_Museum,_London-cca by sa 4.0-by-Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg)-
AlacaStandarte_Hirsch&Stiere-cca by sa 3.0-by-Klaus-Peter Simon-
Eridu_mound4c.8-cca by sa 3.0-by-Cush-
Руины_Эриду-cca by sa 3.0-by-Ltybcc1-
“Lost Time” Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
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