Tyr god – Law and Heroic Glory – Norse Mythology

Týr is a Germanic god associated with law and heroic glory in Norse mythology, portrayed as one-handed. Corresponding names in other Germanic languages are Gothic Teiws, Old English Tīw, Old High German Ziu and Cyo, all from Proto-Germanic *Tīwaz. The Latinised name is rendered as Tius or Tio and also formally as, Mars Thincsus. In the late Icelandic Eddas, Týr is portrayed, alternately, as the son of Odin (Prose Edda) or of Hymir (Poetic Edda) while the origins of his name and his possible relationship to Tuisto (Tacitus’ Germania) suggest he was once considered the father of the gods and head of the pantheon since his name is ultimately cognate to that of *Dyeus, the reconstructed chief deity in Indo-European religion. It is assumed that Tîwaz was overtaken in popularity and in authority by both Odin and Thor at some point during the ancient Migration Age, as Odin shares his role as God of war. Tiw was equated with Mars in the interpretatio germanica. Tuesday is “Tīw’s Day” (also in Alemannic Zischtig from zîes tag), translating dies Martis. Old Norse Týr, literally “god” plural tívar “gods”, comes from Proto-Germanic *Tīwaz which continues Proto-Indo-European *deiwós “celestial being, god” Welsh, duw, Latin, deus, Lithuanian, diẽvas, Sanskrit, dēvá, Avestan, daēvō “false god” And *deiwós is based in *dei-, *deyā-, *dīdyā-meaning ‘to shine’ The earliest attestation for Týr’s continental counterpart occurs in Gothic tyz “the t-rune” (𐍄) in the ancient mystery of the 9th-century Codex Vindobonensis 795. The name is later attested in Old High German as Cyo in the A Wessobrunn prayer manuscript of 814. The Negau helmet inscription from 2nd century BC may actually record the earliest form, teiva, but this interpretation is tentative. Týr in origin was a generic noun meaning “god” e.g. Hangatyr, literally, the “god of the hanged” as one of Odin’s names, which was probably inherited from Týr in his role as god of justice. The name continues on as Norwegian Tyr, Swedish Tyr, Danish Tyr, while it remains Týr in Modern Icelandic and Faroese. Tacitus also named the German “Mars” as the primary deity, along with the German “Mercury” (believed to be Odin) Hercules (believed to be Thor) and “the hidden one” is probably Freja, watch video for more ancient mystery on Youtube.

Photo Credits;

408px-Thor,_Hymir_and_the_Midgard_Serpent-United States public domain tag-
476px-Tyr,_der_Schwertgott-United States public domain tag-
569px-Lokasenna_by_Lorenz_Frølich-United States public domain tag –
800px-0_Statue_de_Mars_(Pyrrhus)_-_Musei_Capitolini_-_MC0058_(2)-cca by sa 3.0-by-Jean-Pol GRANDMONT-
800px-Aconitum_napellus_004-cca by sa 3.0-by-H. Zell-
800px-Mercurius_Rosmerta_HistMusPfalz_3513-cca by sa 3.0-by-QuartierLatin1968-
800px-Museum_für_Vor-_und_Frühgeschichte_Berlin_010-cca by sa 3.0-by-Einsamer Schütze –
177787_Tysnes_kirke_I_fra_RA-cca by sa 4.0-by-Roger Grimelid-
Das_festliche_Jahr_img017_Wodan-United States public domain tag
Hel_(1889)_by_Johannes_Gehrts-United States public domain tag-
Hercules-Bronze-Vatican-DSC_0216-cca by sa 4.0-Wouter Engler-
Nott_painting-United States public domain tag –
Rom,_Basilika_San_Giovanni_in_Laterano,_Hl._Johannes_der_Täufer_2-cca by sa 3.0-by-Dnalor 01 –
thor and hymir fishing-cco-
Treated_NKS_fenrir-United States public domain tag-
Tyr-brakteaten_från_Naglum,_Trollhättan_(SHM_1164)_tecknad-cca by sa 4.0-by-Gunnar Creutz-
Týr-god of war-cco-

Music Credit:


Ancient Mystery/Youtube

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