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god Apollo – Minoan – Greek Mythology


Apollo, Minoans. It seems an oracular cult existed in Delphi from the Mycenaean age. In historical times, the priests of Delphi were called Labryaden “the double-axe men” which indicates Minoan origin. The double-axe, labrys, was the holy symbol of the Cretan labyrinth. The Homeric hymn adds that Apollo appeared as a dolphin and carried Cretan priests to Delphi, where they evidently transferred their religious practices. Apollo Delphinios or Delphidios was a sea-god especially worshiped in Crete and in the islands. Apollo’s sister Artemis, who was the Greek goddess of hunting is identified with Britomartis (Diktynna) the Minoan “Mistress of the animals” In her earliest depictions she is accompanied by the “Mister of the animals” a male god of hunting who had the bow as his attribute. His original name is unknown but it seems that he was absorbed by the more popular Apollo, who stood by the virgin “Mistress of the Animals”, becoming her brother. The old oracles in Delphi seem to be connected with a local tradition of the priesthood, and there is not clear evidence that a kind of inspiration-prophecy existed in the temple. This led some scholars to the conclusion that Pythia carried on the rituals in a consistent procedure through many centuries, according to the local tradition. In that regard, the mythical seeress Sibyl of Anatolian origin, with her ecstatic art, looks unrelated to the oracle itself. However, the Greek tradition is referring to the existence of vapours and chewing of laurel-leaves, which seem to be confirmed by recent studies. Plato describes the priestesses of Delphi and Dodona as frenzied women, obsessed by “mania” “frenzy” a Greek word he connected with mantis “prophet” Frenzied women like Sibyls from whose lips the god speaks are recorded in the Near East as Mari in the second millennium BC. Although Crete had contacts with Mari from 2000 BC, there is no evidence that the ecstatic prophetic art existed during the Minoan and Mycenean ages. It is more probable that this art was introduced later from Anatolia and regenerated an existing oracular cult that was local to Delphi and dormant in several areas of Greece. More on Greek Mythology, The discovery of the Mycenaean civilization by the German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the nineteenth century, and the discovery of the Minoan civilization in Crete by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in the twentieth century, helped to explain many existing questions about Homer’s epics and provided archaeological evidence for many of the mythological details about gods and heroes. Unfortunately, the evidence about myths and rituals at Mycenaean and Minoan sites is entirely monumental, as the Linear B script (an ancient form of Greek found in both Crete and mainland Greece) was used mainly to record inventories, although certain names of gods and heroes have been tentatively identified, watch video for more Greek mythology from ancient mystery on Youtube.

Image Credit:

320px-John_Collier_-_Priestess_of_Delphi-cco-
359px-Apol·lo_de_Pinedo,_Museu_de_Prehistòria_de_València-cca by sa 3.0-by-Joanbanjo-
800px-AMI_-_Goldene_Doppelaxt-cca by sa 3.0-by-Wolfgang Sauber-
800px-Dodona-Greece-April-2008-107-cca by sa 3.0-by-Marcus Cyron-
800px-Euthyphro_Stephanus_1578_p_2-CCO-
800px-Knossos_-_North_Portico_02-cca by sa 3.0-by-Bernard Gagnon-
800px-MariZiggurat-cca b y sa 2.5-by-Heretiq-
800px-MariZiggurat-cca by sa 2.5
800px-Mask-Of-Agamemnon-CCA BY 2.0-BY-Xuan Che-
800px-Sacrificial_hammer_Dodona_Louvre_Br1183_n2-cca by sa 3.0-by-Jastrow-
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Chicago-Bulls-Wallpaper-Desktop-Background-cco-
Cuixes_de_l’Apol·lo_de_Pinedo-cca by sa 3.0-by-Joanbanjo-
Eugène_Delacroix_-_Lycurgus_Consulting_the_Pythia_-_Google_Art_Project-cco-
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Sidney_Hall_-_Urania’s_Mirror_-_Delphinus,_Sagitta,_Aquila,_and_Antinous-cco-
The_Drowning_of_Britomartis,_1547–59-cco-

Music Credit:

Kai Engal 05 Comatose
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/wiki/info

Ancient Mystery/Youtube

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