The god King Belus was in Greek mythology a king of Egypt and father of Aegyptus and Danaus and (usually) the brother to Agenor an ancient mystery. The wife of the god King Belus has been named as Achiroe, or Side (eponym of the Phoenician city of Sidon) It also has a phonic connection to the mythology of the Celtic Sidhe and the Foe of man the Foemorian Giants. Diodorus Siculus claims that the god King Belus founded a colony on the river Euphrates and appointed the priests-astrologers whom the Babylonians call Chaldeans who like the priests of Egypt are exempt from taxation and other service to the state. The god King Belus was the son of Poseidon and Libya. He may also be Busiris, son of Libya, ruler of Egypt, killed by Heracles, although Heracles was born many generations after the god King Belus since he was a grandchild of Perseus. According to Pausanias, Belus founded a temple of Heracles in Babylon. The Bibliotheca also claims that Agenor was Belus’ twin brother. The god King Belus ruled in Egypt, and Agenor ruled over Sidon and Tyre in Phoenicia. The wife of the god King Belus has been named as Achiroe, allegedly daughter of the river-god Nilus. Her sons Aegyptus and Danaus were twins. Later Aegyptus ruled over Egypt and Arabia, and Danaus ruled over Libya. Pseudo-Apollodorus says that it was Euripides who added Cepheus and Phineus as additional sons of the god King Belus of Egyptian mythology. In the Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, the god King Belus was also the father of a daughter named Thronia on whom Hermaon that is Hermes, fathered Arabus, presumably the eponym of Arabia.
References to myth also appear in non-religious Egyptian literature, beginning in the Middle Kingdom. Many of these references are mere allusions to mythic motifs, but several stories are based entirely on mythic narratives. These more direct renderings of myth are particularly common in the Late and Greco-Roman periods when, according to scholars such as Heike Sternberg, Egyptian myths reached their most fully developed state.
The attitudes toward myth in nonreligious Egyptian texts vary greatly. Some stories resemble the narratives from magical texts, while others are more clearly meant as entertainment and even contain humorous episodes.
A final source of the ancient Egyptian myth is the writings of ancient Greek and Roman writers like Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus, who described Egyptian mythology and religion in the last centuries of its existence. Prominent among these writers is Plutarch, whose work De Iside et Osiride contains, among other things, the longest ancient account of the myth and mystery of Osiris in ancient Egyptian mythology. These authors’ knowledge of Egyptian religion was limited because they were excluded from many ancient religious practices, and their statements about Egyptian mythology beliefs are affected by their biases about Egypt’s culture watch video for more from Ancient Mystery on Youtube.
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