Hermes Trismegistus “thrice-greatest Hermes” Latin: Mercurius ter Maximusis, is the purported author of the Hermetic Corpus, a series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism. Hermes Trismegistus may be a representation of the syncretic combination of the Greek god Hermes and the Egyptian god Thoth. Greeks in Hellenistic Egypt recognized the equivalence of Hermes and Thoth. Consequently, the two gods were worshiped as one, in what had been the Temple of Thoth in, Khem-nu, which the Greeks called Hermopolis.
Both Hermes and Thoth were gods of writing and of magic in their respective cultures.
Hermes, the Greek god of interpretive communication, was combined with Thoth, the Egyptian god of wisdom to become the patron of astrology and alchemy. In addition, both gods were psychopomps, guiding souls to the afterlife.
The Egyptian priest and polymath Imhotep had been deified long after his death and therefore assimilated to Thoth in the classical and Hellenistic period. The renowned scribe Amenhotep and a wise man named, Teôs, ere co-equal deities of wisdom, science, and medicine and, thus, they were placed alongside Imhotep in shrines dedicated to Thoth-Hermes during the Ptolemaic period. A Mycenaean Greek reference to a deity or semi-deity called ti-ri-se-ro-e Linear B: Tris Hḗrōs, “thrice or triple hero” was found on two Linear B clay tablets at Pylos and could be connected to the later epithet “thrice great” Trismegistos, applied to Hermes and Thoth. On the aforementioned PY Tn 316 tablet—as well as other Linear B tablets found in Pylos, Knossos, and Thebes
there appears the name of the deity “Hermes”as e-ma-ha but not in any apparent connection with the “Trisheros”. This interpretation of poorly-understood Mycenaean material is disputed, since Hermes Trismegistus is not referenced in any of the copious sources before he emerges in Hellenistic Egypt. But if you’ve followed my presentations, you will know, he has been known by many names. The majority of Greeks, and later Romans, did not accept Hermes Trismegistus in the place of Hermes. The two gods were regarded as distinct.
Cicero enumerates several deities referred to as “Hermes” “fourth Mercury (Hermes) was the son of the Nile whose name may not be spoken by the Egyptians” Voldamort springs to mind and “the fifth, who is worshiped by the people of Pheneus [in Arcadia], is said to have killed Argus, and for this reason to have fled to Egypt and to have given the Egyptians their laws and alphabet he it is whom the Egyptians call Theyt” The most likely interpretation of this passage is as two variants on the same syncretism of Greek Hermes and Egyptian Thoth (or sometimes other gods) the fourth (where Hermes turns out “actually” to have been a “son of the Nile,” i.e. a native god, Human Hybrid, being viewed from the Egyptian perspective the fifth (who went from Greece to Egypt) being viewed from the Greek-Arcadian perspective.
Both of these early references in Cicero (most ancient Trismegistus material is from the early centuries AD) corroborate the view that Thrice-Great Hermes originated in Hellenistic Egypt through syncretism, between Greek and Egyptian gods, watch video for more, ancient mystery.
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