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Plato: Atlantis The Mythical Isle


Atlantis, Plato was the greek philosopher who brought the world the story of the lost city of Atlantis. His story began to unfold for him around 355 B.C. He wrote about this land called Atlantis in two of his dialogues, Timaeus and Critias, around 370 B.C. Plato stated that the continent lay in the Atlantic Ocean near the Straits of Gibraltar until its destruction 10,000 years previous. The Capitol of Atlantis. Plato described Atlantis as alternating rings of sea and land, with a palace in the center ‘bull’s eye’. Plato used a series of dialogues to express his ideas. In this type of writing, the author’s thoughts are explored in a series of arguments and debates between various characters in the story. A character named Kritias tells an account of Atlantis that has been in his family for generations. According to the character the story was originally told to his ancestor Solon, by a priest during Solon’s visit to Egypt.

According to the dialogues, there had been a powerful empire located to the west of the “Pillars of Hercules” what we now call the Straight of Gibraltar on an island in the Atlantic Ocean. The nation there had been established by Poseidon, the God of the Sea. Poseidon fathered five sets of twins on the island. The firstborn, Atlas, had the continent and the surrounding ocean named for him. Poseidon divided the land into ten sections, each to be ruled by a son, or his heirs.

The capital city of Atlantis was a marvel of architecture and engineering. The city was composed of a series of concentric walls and canals. At the very center was a hill, and on top of the hill a temple to Poseidon. Inside was a gold statue of the God of the Sea showing him driving six winged horses.

Around 9000 years before the time of Plato, after the people of Atlantis became corrupt and greedy, the Gods decided to destroy them. A violent earthquake shook the land, giant waves rolled over the shores, and the island sank into the sea never to be seen again.

At numerous points in the dialogues Plato’s characters refer to the story of Atlantis as “genuine history” and it being within “the realm of fact.” Plato also seems to put into the story a lot of detail about Atlantis that would be unnecessary if he had intended to use it only as a literary device.

In “Timaeus,” Plato described Atlantis as a prosperous nation out to expand its domain: “Now in this island of Atlantis there was a great and wonderful empire which had rule over the whole island and several others, and over parts of the continent,” he wrote, “and, furthermore, the men of Atlantis had subjected the parts of Libya within the columns of Heracles as far as Egypt, and of Europe as far as Tyrrhenia.”

Plato goes on to tell how the Atlanteans made a grave mistake by seeking to conquer Greece. They could not withstand the Greeks’ military might, and following their defeat, a natural disaster sealed their fate. “Timaeus” continues: “But afterwards there occurred violent earthquakes and floods; and in a single day and night of misfortune all your warlike men in a body sank into the earth, and the island of Atlantis in like manner disappeared in the depths of the sea.” …Watch Video For More…Ancient Mystery.

Photo Credits:

-Andrea_Doria_as_Neptun_by_Angelo_Bronzino-CCO-
-apocalypse-CCO-
-Athena_looking_over_Plato-CCA by SA 2.0 generic-Greudin-
-Atlantis-CCO-
-Atlas_Turned_to_Stone_Edward_Burne_Jones-CCO-
-Cole_Thomas_The_Course_of_Empire_Destruction_1836-CCO-
-François_Perrier_-_Acis,_Galatea,_and_Polyphemus_CCO-
Gravestone_of_Agenor,_400_B.C.,_Archaeological_Museum_of_ThessalonikiCCA by SA 4.0 International-
-Karte_der_Lokalisierungshypothesen_zu_AtlantisCCA by SA 2.5 generic-Chumwa-
-LOWER_LEVEL_AQUARIUM,_ATLANTIS_HOTEL,_NASSAU-CCA by SA 3.0 unported-JERRYE AND ROY KLOTZ MD-
-Modern_Representation_of_Atlantis_According_to_Athanasius_Kircher’s_Map_of_Atlantis_1669-CCA by SA 3.0 unported-Rodrigo Boos-
-Neptune-sculpture-CCA by SA 2.0 generic-Tjeerd Wiersma-
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-René-Antoine_Houasse_-_The_Dispute_of_Minerva_and_Neptune,_CCO-
-Theseus_and_Centaur-CCA by SA 3.0 Unported-Roland Longbow-
-thumbnail-CCA by SA 3.0 Unported-EMAD KAYYAM-

Music Credit:

FreePD.co.uk.

Ancient Mystery.

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